Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical dental procedure aimed at treating gum disease, specifically gingivitis and early-stage periodontitis. It involves thorough cleaning of the teeth and their root surfaces to remove plaque, tartar, and bacterial toxins from below the gumline. The process helps eliminate the buildup of harmful substances that can lead to inflammation, gum recession, and bone loss if left untreated.
During scaling, dental professionals use specialized tools to scrape off plaque and calculus from the teeth’s surfaces and pockets around the gums. Root planing smoothens the tooth roots, making it harder for bacteria to adhere and allowing gums to reattach to the teeth. This procedure promotes gum healing and reduces the progression of gum disease. Local anesthesia may be used to minimize discomfort. Regular dental check-ups and good oral hygiene practices are crucial for maintaining the positive effects of scaling and root planing.